Jenner, Edward

(1749-1823)
   Born at Berkeley, Gloucestershire, the son of a clergyman, he became famous as the surgeon who discovered vaccination for smallpox in 1796. He was educated at a grammar school, then for eight years, from the age of 13, he was apprenticed to a surgeon. From 1770 to 1773 he was a pupil of the brilliant surgeon John Hunter at St. George's Hospital, London. It was from Hunter that he received advice to the effect that thinking or speculating should not replace experiment. Jenner was a countryman at heart who enjoyed all things of nature, joining in local events, playing the violin and singing. He observed that people infected with cowpox did not catch smallpox, and from his experiments he wrote a slender book entitled An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolae Vaccinae (1798) and many other medical treatises. Vaccination rapidly proved its value and the procedure spread quickly around the world. The Edward Jenner Institute for Vaccine Research is based at Compton, Newbury, Berkshire. He died at Berkeley. Only two of Jenner's poems are recorded: "Sent to a Patient, with the Present of a Couple of Ducks," "Signs of Rain."
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The Best Loved Poems of the American People. Hazel Felleman, ed. Doubleday, 1936. The Faber Book of Useful Verse. Simon Brett, ed. Faber and Faber, 1981.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jenner, Edward — Médico británico nacido en 1749. Fue el descubridor de la vacuna de la viruela. Escribió el libro titulado Investigación sobre las causas y efectos de la vacuna de la viruela (1798). Falleció en 1823. Medical Dictionary. 2011 …   Diccionario médico

  • Jenner, Edward — born May 17, 1749, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Jan. 26, 1823, Berkeley English surgeon, discoverer of the smallpox vaccine. He was apprenticed to a surgeon at 13, and at 21 he became the house pupil of John Hunter, who gave him further… …   Universalium

  • Jenner, Edward — ► (1749 1823) Médico y naturalista británico. Descubrió la vacuna contra la viruela. * * * (17 may. 1749, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, Inglaterra–26 ene. 1823, Berkeley). Cirujano inglés, descubridor de la vacuna de la viruela. Aprendiz de cirujano …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jenner , Edward — (1749–1823) British physician Jenner, born a vicar s son at Berkeley in Gloucestershire, was apprenticed to the London surgeon John Hunter from 1770 to 1772. He then returned to country practice and established a reputation as a field naturalist …   Scientists

  • Jenner,Edward — Jen·ner (jĕnʹər), Edward. 1749 1823. British physician and vaccination pioneer. He found that smallpox could be prevented by inoculation with the substance from cowpox lesions. * * * …   Universalium

  • JENNER, EDWARD —    an English physician, born in Berkeley, and practised there; was the discoverer of inoculation with cowpox as a preventive of smallpox, or vaccination as it is called, a discovery which has immortalised his name (1749 1822) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jenner, Edward — SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology [br] b. 17 May 1749 Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England d. 26 January 1823 Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England [br] English medical practitioner, pioneer of vaccination against smallpox. [br] In 1770, following a… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Jenner — Edward …   Scientists

  • Jenner — Jenner, Edward …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edward Jenner — Gedenktafel für Edward Jenner in München, Am Neudeck 1 Edward Jenner [ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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